Professor Frances Milliken and Professor Elizabeth Morrison's joint research on employee silence is cited
— August 3, 2015
Excerpt from Harvard Business Review -- "In research by Frances Milliken of New York University and two colleagues, the majority of 40 employees at knowledge companies reported having concerns about such issues as workflow improvement and ethics — but not speaking up about these issues to their supervisors. The belief that raising the issues would make no difference was the third most frequently cited reason. Said one employee: 'Even if I did comment on the issue, it was unlikely to change anything.'"