Prof. Justin Kruger's research on the "above average effect" is cited
— September 5, 2013
Excerpt from The Globe and Mail -- "A study some years ago by David Dunning and Justin Kruger found that most people, regardless of their level of competence with a skill, perceive themselves to be better than average. And it gets worse. This concept doesn’t include those people who boast about their impressive writing skills but are in fact downright terrible writers. These folks may be suffering from 'Dunning-Kruger effect.' The same study found those who are the least skilled tend to rate their abilities higher than others. The worse they were the better they thought they were."