Professor Thomas Philippon's research on the financial services industry is referenced
— February 18, 2017
Excerpt from The Guardian -- "Today’s economic model mirrors the banking model. Bankers view loans as opportunities to earn fees for originating, securitising, trading, settling and clearing. They have shifted the risk of holding the loan to others. They boast that accelerating the speed through which securities circulate reduces costs to consumers and is a measure of their immense contribution to the economy which, they argue, must be preserved post-Brexit, at all costs. But when Thomas Philippon added up the fees paid by the non-financial sector to the financial sector, he found that at 2.0% of finance raised, costs had in recent decades returned to where they were in 1880."