External Research

The CSB has compiled interesting research, reports, videos and other forms of media concerning business and sustainability issues organized by topic. Please contact us if you have good content to suggest we include. Holly Williamson, Administrative Aide: hwilliam@stern.nyu.edu.

C-Suite Perspective

What do executives think about sustainability? How important do they think it is to their business? How are they responding to sustainability pressures?

Corporate Eco Forum: "Sustainability and the CFO". April 2015.

McKinsey: Interview with Unilever CEO Paul Polman. April 2015.

McKinsey: "Valuing Corporate Social Responsibility: McKinsey Global Survey Results". February 2009.

MIT Sloan Management Review: "The Business of Sustainability: What it Means to Managers Now". Fall 2009.


Consumer Insights and Marketing

How does a company's communication of sustainability goals affect consumers?  Does it result in increased loyalty, sales, etc.? 

BBMG, GlobeScan, SustainAbility: "Rethinking Consumption". 2012

BBMG and GlobeScan: "Five Human Aspirations". 2015.

Accenture: "The Consumer Study- From Marketing to Mattering"

Journal of Business Ethics: "Environmental Marketing: A Source of Reputational, Competitive, and Financial Advantage". February 2000.

Journal of the Academy of Marketing Sciences: "The Influence of Cause-Related Marketing on Consumer Choice: Does One Good Turn Deserve Another?" 2000.

Journal of Business Ethics: "Environmental and Economic Dimensions of Sustainability and Price Effects on Consumer Responses". May 2011.

Havas Media: "Top scoring Meaningful Brands enjoy a Share of Wallet 46% higher than low performers". April 2015. 

Deloitte: "Finding the green in today’s shoppers Sustainability trends and new shopper insights". 2009.

The Circular Economy

Data Analytics

See four presentations on big data below, featured at CSB's Big Data event in 2016. Click here for a recap and video of the Big Data event.

Efficiency & Innovation

Has applying a sustainability lens to operations and value chains increased efficiency and sparked innovative products and services?

Agility. "Corporate DNA". 2018

McKinsey: "Sustainability’s Strategic Worth: McKinsey Global Survey Results". 2014.

Harvard Business Review: "Why Sustainability is Now the Key Driver of Innovation". 2009.

Harvard Business Reviw: "3M’s Sustainability Innovation Machine". 2012.

The Conference Board: "Driving revenue growth through sustainable products and services". 2015.

UN Global Pulse. "Harnessing Big Data for Sustainable Development and Humanitarian Action."

Financial Performance

What is the relationship between sustainability, ESG, and CSR performance and financial performance?

Pensions & Investments: "Excluding Companies with Higher Social, Environmental Incidents Equals Outperformance - Research." 2018

Trust Across America: "Return on Trust: The 'State of Trust' 2016." 2016.

Journal of Applied Corporate Finance. "Sustainability and Shareholder Value". Spring 2017.

Harvard Business Review. "The Type of Purpose That Makes Companies More Profitable." October 2016.

Harvard Business School: "Sustainability and Materiality." March 2015.

Deutsche Asset & Wealth Management: "ESG and Corporate Financial Performance." December 2015.

GS Sustain: "Governance and Risk Management." March 2015.

Journal of Sustainable Finance and Investment: "Financial Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility." November 2014. 

Journal of Business Ethics: "Sustainability Practices and Corporate Financial Performance: A Study Based on the Top Global Corporations." October 2011.

Journal of Consumer Research: "Doing Well by Doing Good." April 2015.

Journal of Sustainable Finance and Investment: "ESG and financial performance: aggregated evidence from more than 2000 empirical studies." December 2015.

AT Kearney: "Green Winners: The performance of sustainability-focused companies during the financial crisis."

Peloza, J. Yachnin, R.: "Valuing Business Sustainability: A Systematic Review." November 2008.

KPMG International Cooperative: "A New Vision of Value: Connecting Corporate and Societal Value Creation." 2014.

Clark, Feiner and Viehs: "From the Stockholder to the Stakeholder: How Sustainability Can Drive Financial Outperformance." September 2016.

Bartha, M., Cahanb, S., Venterc, E. "The Economic Consequences Associated with Integrated Report Quality: Early Evidence from a Mandatory Setting." December 2015.

UNEP & Mercer: "Demystifying Responsible Investment Performance." October 2007.

Sustainable Insight and CDP: "Linking Climate Engagement to Financial Performance." September 2013.

UNEP & World Business Council for Sustainable Development: "Translating ESG into Sustainable Business Value." March 2010.

Harvard Business School: "Corporate Sustainability: First Evidence on Materiality." March 2015.

MSCI: "Can ESG Add Alpha? An Analysis of ESG Tilt and Momentum Strategies." June 2015.

Nagy, Z., Cogan, D., & Sinnreich, D. "Optimizing Environmental, Social and Governance Factors in Portfolio Construction." MSCI. February 2013.

Eccles, R. G., Ioannou, I. & Serafeim, G. "The Impact of Corporate Sustainability on Organizational Processes and Performance." May 2013.

Deutsche Bank Group: "Sustainable Investing: Establishing Long-Term Value and Performance." June 2012.

Porter, M., Kramer, M. "Strategy and Society: The Link Between Competitve Advantage and Corporate Social Responsibility." Harvard Business Review. December 2006.

Eccles, R., Serafeim, G. "The Performance Frontier: Innovating for a Sustainable Strategy." Harvard Business Review. May 2013.

Flammer, C. "Does Corporate Social Responsibility Lead to Superior Financial Performance? A Regression Discontinuity Approach." October 2013.

Tang, Z., Hull, C. E., & Rothenberg, S. "How Corporate Social Responsibility Engagement Strategy Moderates the CSR-Financial Performance Relationship?." Journal of Management Studies. November 2012.

Clark, G. L., Feiner, A. & Viehs, M. "From the Stockholder to the Stakeholder: How Sustainability Can Drive Financial Performance." September 2014.

KPMG International: "A New Vision of Value: Connecting Corporate and Society Value Creation." 2014.

Research Network for Business Sustainability: "Valuing Business Sustainability: A Systematic Review." November 2008.

Deutsche Asset & Wealth Management: "ESG & Corporate Financial Performance: Mapping the Global Landscape." December 2015.

Human Resources

Does behavior and reputation as a sustainable company result in improved HR statistics related to retention, recruitment, morale or accidents and lawsuits?

MIT Sloan Management Review: "Using Corporate Social Responsibility to Win the War for Talent". January 2008.

Stanford Graduate School of Business: "For MBA Grads, Corporate Responsibility Trumps Salary". June 2008.

Business and Society: "Corporate Social Performance as a Competitive Advantage in Attracting a Quality Workforce". 2000.

Journal of Organizational Behavior: "Environmental standards and labor productivity: Understanding the mechanisms that sustain sustainability". 2013.

Bloomberg Next: "Building Tomorrow’s Talent: Collaboration Can Close Emerging Skills Gap" 2018


Does behavior and reputation as a sustainable company result in improved and more regular media coverage? 

Edelman Trust Barometer. 2016.

BSR: "Transparency, Purpose, and the Empowered Consumer: A New Paradigm for Advertising". March 2015.

Journal of Business Ethics: "The emergence, variation, and evolution of corporate social responsibility in the public sphere: 1980-2004. The exposure of firms to public debate". 2011.

Reputation Dividend: "2016 UK Reputation Dividend Report". 2016.

Risk Management

How does sustainability relate to risk management? How are critical issues like natural resource depletion and climate change affecting supply chains, transport, and manufacturing? How are businesses managing these new risks by applying sustainable practices?


Corporate Reputation Review: "Exploring the Financial Value of a Reputation for CSR During a Crisis". 2005

CSR and RepRisk: "Does Corporate Social Responsibility Performance Affect Reputational Risk?" April 2015.

The Conference Board: "The Link Between Brand Value and Sustainability". October 2013.

Supply Chain

Rainforest Alliance: "Sustainability as a Key Factor for Mitigating Risk in Agricultural Supply Chain Finance". January 2012.

Oxfam, Ceres, Calvert Investments: "Physical Risks from Climate Change: A guide for companies and investors on disclosure and management of climate impacts". May 2012.

Harvard KSG - Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative: "Corporate Social Responsibility as Risk Management". March 20015.

Fink, C. "Mining and Water Risk Management Case Study: Exxaro Resources Ltd.." June 2016.

Kronthal-Sacco, R. "Water Business Tools for Managing Water Resources and Risk." June 2016.


EUI Working Papers: "Can the Threat of Costly Litigation Be Incentive Enough for Companies to Engage in CSR?" 2009.

Stakeholder Engagement

Supply Chains

What are the benefits of applying sustainability throughout supply chains? How are companies better managing global supply chains to address risks and opportunitites related to sustainability?

Network for Business Sustainability: "Managing Sustainable Global Supply Chains".

World Economic Forum: "Beyond Supply Chains Empowering Responsible Value Chains". January 2015.

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management: "Exploring future competitive advantage through sustainable supply chains". October 2007.

Accenture: "Why a sustainable supply chain is good business"

Fink, C & Whelan, T. "Supply Chain and Stakeholder Engagement Case Study: Nespresso." May 2016.

Journal of Cleaner Production: "An analysis of metrics used to measure performance in green and sustainable supply chains". August 2014.

Canadian Operational Research Society: "Benefits of inter-firm relationships: application to the case of a five sawmills and one paper mill supply chain". September 2015

Global Environmental Change: "Big brand sustainability: Governance prospects and environmental limits". October 2011.

Environmental Quality Management: "Building a Sustainable Supply Chain: Key Elements". 2015.

Fink, C & Whelan, T. "The Sustainability Business Case for the 21st Century Corporation." October 2016.

Journal of Cleaner Production: "Carbon emission reduction: the impact on the financial and operational performance of international companies". August 2014.

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management: "A framework of sustainable supply chain management: moving toward new theory". April 2008.

Transportation Research Part E 38: "Social responsibility and supply chain relationships". March 2001.

Academy of Management Journal: "Challenges for Global Supply Chain Sustainability: Evidence from Conflict Minerals Reports". 2016.

Food Policy: "Comparing environmental impacts of regional and national-scale food supply chains: A case study of processed tomatoes". May 2012.

California Management Review: "Compliance, Collaboration, and Codes of Labor Practice: The adidas Connection". 2002.

Business Strategy and the Environment: "Core Issues in Sustainable Supply Chain Management - a Delphi Study". December 2007.

Strategic Management Journal: "Corporate Responsibility and Financial Performance: The Role of Intangible Sources". September 2009.

J Bus Ethics: "Corporate Social Responsibility in Global Value Chains: Where Are We Now and Where Are We Going?". June 2013.

Philosophical Transactions: "Biological Sciences: "Developing Sustainable Food Supply Chains". February 2008.

Journal of Cleaner Production: "Do Codes of conduct improve worker rights in supply chains? A study of Fair Wear Foundation". September 2014.

Decision Support Systems: "Do green supply chain management initiatives impact stock prices of firms?". October 2011.

Academy of Management Perspectives: "Does It Pay to Be Green? A Systematic Overview". 2008.

World Development: "The Economic Sustainability of Certified Coffee: Recent Evidence from Mexico and Peru". 2011.

Journal of Operations Management: "Efficiency meets accountability: Performance implications of supply chain configuration, control, and capabilities". January 2011.

Global Environmental Change: "Enhancing the sustainability of commodity supply chains in tropical forest and agricultural landscapes". August 2013.

Desalination: "Environmental and economic performance assessment of desalination supply chain". August 2016.

Journal of Organizational Behavior: "Environmental standards and labor productivity: Understanding the mechanisms that sustain sustainability". June 2012.

Ecological Economics: "Fair Trade organic coffee production in Nicaragua — Sustainable development or a poverty trap?". August 2009.

Conservation Letters: "Did Ranchers and Slaughterhouses Respond to Zero-Deforestation Agreements in the Brazilian Amazon?". March 2015.

International Journal of Management Reviews: "Green supply-chain management: A state-of-the-art literature review". 2007.

Ecological Economics: "Group certification supports an increase in the diversity of sustainable agriculture network–rainforest alliance certified coffee producers in Brazil". August 2014.

PWC: "How can resilience prepare companies for environmental and social change?". 2014.

Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management: "​Implementing sustainable sourcing—Does purchasing need to change?". April 2012.

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management: "​Investigating the relationship of sustainable supply chain management with corporate financial performance". March 2013.

Int. J. Production Economics: "Is green and profitable sustainable? Assessing the trade-off between economic and environmental aspects". October 2010.

Industrial and Labor Relations Review: "Does Monitoring Improve Labor Standards? Lessons from Nike". October 2007.

International Labour Review: "Work organization and labour standards at Nike’s suppliers". 2007.

World Development: "​Mainstreaming Fair Trade Coffee: From Partnership to Traceability". 2009.

Development of Truly Sustainable Supply Chains: "Why Research in Sustainable Supply Chain Management Should Have No Future". January 2014.

Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management: "​Purchasing and supply management sustainability: Drivers and barriers". July 2012.

Workiva: "The Role of Sustainability in Enterprise Risk Management". 2014.

Journal of Cleaner Production: "From a literature review to a conceptual framework for sustainable supply chain management". June 2008.

Rethinking the Global Supply Chain: "Slowing Amazon deforestation through public policy and interventions in beef and soy supply chains". June 2014.

Int. J. Production Economics: "Social issues in supply chains: Capabilities link responsibility, risk (opportunity), and performance". February 2012.

Journal of Cleaner Production: "Impact of sustainability labeling in the perception of sensory quality and purchase intention of chocolate consumers". September 2016.

The State of Sustainability Initiatives: "Standards and the Green Economy". 2014.

Stern Supply Chain Management: Course Syllabus 

Journal of Cleaner Production: "Supplier integration, green sustainability programs, and financial performance of fashion enterprises under global financial crisis". June 2016.

Industrial Marketing Management: "Supplier involvement in NPD: A quasi-experiment at Unilever". May 2016.

Springer Science: "Supply chain surplus: comparing conventional and sustainable supply chains". September 2012.

Int. J. Production Economics: "Supply chain sustainability: A risk management approach". August 2015.

Journal of Cleaner Production: "Sustainability management beyond corporate boundaries: from stakeholders to performance". January 2013.

J Bus Ethics: "Sustainability Practices and Corporate Financial Performance: A Study Based on the Top Global Corporations". September 2011.

Business Strategy and the Environment: "Sustainability-Related Supply Chain Risks: Conceptualization and Management". 2013.

Journal of Operations Management: "Sustainable evaluation and verification in supply chains: Aligning and leveraging accountability to stakeholders". July 2015.

Int. J. Production Economics: "Sustainable supply chain management in emerging economies: Trade-offs between environmental and cost performance". February 2016.

Business Strategy and the Environment: "Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Motivators and Barriers". 2015.

Journal of Cleaner Production: "Sustainable supply chain models for base of the pyramid". November 2016.

Computers & Industrial Engineering: "​Sustainable supply chain optimisation: An industrial case study". May 2014.

Journal of Cleaner Production: "The emerging role of water footprint in supply chain management: A critical literature synthesis and a hierarchical decision-making framework". August 2016.

International Journal of Operations & Production Management: "​The impact of environmental supply chain sustainability programs on shareholder wealth". 2014.

World Development: "The Impact of Fair Trade Certification for Coffee Farmers in Peru". 2011.

Int. J. Production Economics: "The relationship between green supply chain management and performance: A meta-analysis of empirical evidences in Asian emerging economies". December 2015.

J Bus Ethics: "The Relationship Between Sustainable Supply Chain Management, Stakeholder Pressure and Corporate Sustainability Performance". June 2012.

The British Accounting Review: "Water management accounting and the wine supply chain: Empirical evidence from Australia". October 2014.

Global Ecology and Conservation: "What is in a label? Rainforest-Alliance certified banana production versus non-certified conventional banana production". May 2016.

International Journal of Production Research: "When does lean hurt? – an exploration of lean practices and worker health and safety outcomes". December 2012.

accenture: "Why a sustainable supply chain is good business". 2012.

Supply Chain Management Review: "The Socially Responsible Supply Chain". October 2013.

Journal of Business Logistics: "Mapping the Landscape of Future Research Themes in Supply Chain Management". 2016.

Journal of Sustainable Forestry: "Zero Deforestation Zones: The Case for Linking Deforestation-Free Supply Chain Initiatives and Jurisdictional REDD+". November 2016.

Sustainability Business Cases

Sustainability Reporting

​Sustainable Finance

True Cost Valuation

The UNEP Inquiry: "The Value of Everything". 2015.

Sustainable Investing

Robins, N., Krosinsky, C. & Viederman, S. "After the Credit Crisis." 2009.

DRAFT: Not for citation.

USSIF. "The Impact of Sustainable and Responsible Investment." 2013.

Manning, T. "Green Bonds." May 2016.